Karva Chauth Festival

Karva Chauth is an annual festival and celebrated by the Hindu married women in India. On this day women do fast, pray for her husband’s long life and progress. It is mostly celebrated in Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat. Married Women have fast from Sunrise to moonrise of the day. At this day women do not take anything whole day. Unmarried women also observe the fast for their fiancés. On this day Husband gives gifts and also takes her to restaurant or hotel for dinner. Some husband makes dinner for her loving wife. It is a great opportunity to close their laws and husband. It is a festival of joy, ritual and prayers.

The celebration of Karva Chauth is typical of the unflagging devotion of a wife toward her husband. It is praise nine days before Diwali, or the celebration of lights, on the fourth day of the melting away moon in the Hindu month of Kartik, around October-November. Married women and unmarried women start their fast of Karva chauth.


Women start preparing with purchasing traditional Cloths like Sarees, Lahngas, Suites and also Cosmetics (It’s called Shringar in Hindi), traditional jewellery, puja items, such as the karwa lamps, matthi, henna and decorated puja thali (plate). From the one week to karva Chauth local markets fulfil with karva chauth related products and cosmetics.


One day before the fast, women from Punjab awake whole night to eat and drink just before the sunrise that helps to fast without water for next day. They draw alkanet on their palms and feet. Married women receive traditional Sargi by her Mother-in-law. It’s includes traditional cloths, Cosmetics (Shringar), Dry fruits, fruits, money, etc. If the mother-in-law lives with the woman, the pre-dawn meal is prepared by the mother-in-law. The neighbourhood of fasting ladies get together before first light, to consume the sargi, which essentially comprises of refreshing sustenance’s, for example soil grown foods, in addition to a fundamental course of potatoes consumed with hot puris (a pan fried Indian bread).


On karwa chauth, wedded ladies wear shining and wonderful clothes, heavy jewelry and bangles. Generally, it is the mother who for the most part sends baya, which incorporates sweets, cash, dress and a karva (minor earthen pitcher), to their wedded little girls' houses. In the nighttime, the relative or any elderly ladies of the house acknowledges the baya, given to them by the more youthful wedded ladies of the gang. In this way, the celebration of karva chauth includes the wedded ladies, as well as different parts of the family unit moreover.

Karva Chauth

The women of the neighbourhood usually gather in someone’s house and perform the puja together, in the evening. A small area is prepared for the ceremony, which can be performed in any part of the house as well as in the open. A small square platform is placed against the wall and kharia matti (powdery mud) is used to cleanse and to decorate the puja area. An idol of Gaur Mata, or Goddess Parvati (the consort of Lord Shiva), is placed on the consecrated spot. Traditionally, the tiny image of Gaur Mata was made from cow dung, though nowadays pictures or idols of Parvati are the norm.

Fasting woman wait for moon at the evening to break her fast. And when it starts visibility in the sky, woman pray for his husband’s long life and success. Fasting woman see the moon via sieve and thereafter to her husband. And then husband give water to her and also feed sweets.